Thesis statement on learning disabilities: definition
A disability is a condition that causes a person to be considered disabled. This means that the subject in question will have difficulties to develop daily and ordinary tasks that, to the rest of the individuals, they are not complicated. The origin of a disability is usually a disorder in the physical or mental faculties.
For example thesis statement on disability: “Authorities must take into account the needs of people with disabilities”, “In my case, disability has never been an excuse to stop doing things”, “Moving through these streets when you have a physical disability is almost impossible”.
Throughout the years, thesis statement on disability has been perceived in different ways by society. In the twentieth century was linked to a certain function that was rated as damaged compared to the general state of a subject. It could be a physical disability, intellectual or other, caused by a mental disorder or a chronic disease.
Based on the above we have to emphasize that basically when we talk about physical disability we are referring to the absence or decrease of motor skills that a person has, which means that it is very difficult to carry out various activities of routine life.
Problems during pregnancy or at birth as well as various accidents that may have caused serious damage to your body and specifically in areas such as the marrow are some of the main causes that bring with it that someone have a physical disability.
An example would be: “Manuel suffers a disability as a result of a traffic accident that now makes him go in a wheelchair.”
There is also what is known as mental disability. This in particular is the one that arises in a human being as a result of it is suffering from schizophrenia, bipolar disorder or Asperger syndrome, among others. All this means that he has difficulties when integrating and behaving in the social field.
And finally we have mental thesis statement about disability. With this denomination reference is made to that someone has a development and mental functioning that is lower than the average. For all this, we could establish that among people with this type of disability would be those who have Down syndrome as well as all those who due to problems in childbirth, traffic accidents or prenatal injuries have seen decreased intellectual capacity.
In recent years, however, thesis statement about disability began to be considered from a human rights perspective. The objective became the integration of the disabled in the community, facilitating this from the idea of accessibility.
This last concept (accessibility) contemplates the adaptation of environments and devices so that disabled people can use them in the same way as the rest. For this, it is necessary to consider certain technical aspects that reduce barriers for those suffering from a disability (such as ramps for people who move in wheelchairs or traffic lights with sound for the blind).
10 facts about disability
People with disabilities, in line with discrimination thesis, make up one of the most marginalized groups in the world. These people have worse health outcomes, obtain lower academic results, participate less in the economy and have higher poverty rates than people without disabilities.
Today disability is considered a human rights issue. People are disabled by society, not just by their bodies. These obstacles can be overcome if governments, non-governmental organizations, professionals and persons with disabilities and their families work collaboratively. The World Report on Disability published by the WHO / World Bank shows us the way forward.
Fact 1: more than 1000 million people suffer from some type of disability
This figure represents around 15% of the world population. Between 110 and 190 million people have great difficulties to function. Rates of people with disabilities are increasing due to the aging of the population and the increase in chronic diseases worldwide.
Fact 2: disability disproportionately affects vulnerable populations
Low-income countries have a higher prevalence of disabilities than high-income countries. Disability is more common among women, the elderly and children and adults who are poor.
Fact 3: people with disabilities do not usually receive the health care they need
Half of people with disabilities cannot afford health care, compared to a third of people without disabilities. People with disabilities are more than twice as likely to consider the health services they receive to be unsatisfactory. They are four times more likely to report that they are treated poorly and almost three times more likely to be denied health care.
Fact 4: children with disabilities are less likely to be enrolled than children without disabilities
There are gaps between the completion rates of studies for all age groups and in all contexts, with more pronounced contrasts in the poorest countries. For example, the difference between the percentage of children with disabilities and the percentage of children without disabilities attending primary school ranges from 10% in India to 60% in Indonesia.
Fact 5: people with disabilities are more likely to be unemployed than people without disabilities
Global data indicate that employment rates in, line with statement for disability, are lower for men with disabilities (53%) and women with disabilities (20%) than for men without disabilities (65%) and women without disabilities (30%). In the OECD countries, the employment rate for people with disabilities (44%) amounted to just over half of that for people without disabilities (75%).
Fact 6: people with disabilities are vulnerable to poverty
People with disabilities live in worse conditions – for example, insufficient food, precarious housing, lack of access to drinking water and sanitation – than people without disabilities. Due to the additional costs that generate, among other aspects, medical care, help devices or personal assistance, people with disabilities are usually poorer than non-disabled people with similar incomes.
Fact 7: rehabilitation helps maximize the ability to live normally and strengthen independence
In many countries, rehabilitation services are insufficient. Data from four countries in southern Africa indicate that only between 26 and 55% of people requiring medical rehabilitation services received them, and only between 17 and 37% of those who needed help devices (for example, wheelchairs, prosthetics, hearing aids) could access them.
Fact 8: people with disabilities can live and participate in the community
Even in high-income countries, between 20% and 40% of people with disabilities do not generally see their assistance needs in relation to the activities they perform on a daily basis. In the United States of America, 70% of adults trust their friends and family to provide assistance in their daily activities.
Fact 9: disabling obstacles can be overcome
- promote access to general services;
- invest in specific programs for people with disabilities;
- adopt a national strategy and action plan;
- improve the education, training and hiring of staff;
- provide adequate financing;
- increase public awareness and understanding of disabilities;
- strengthen research and data collection;
- guarantee the participation of people with disabilities in the application of policies and programs.
Fact 10: The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities aims to promote, protect and ensure the enjoyment of human rights by all persons with disabilities
To date, more than 170 countries and regional integration organizations have signed the Convention, and 130 have ratified it. The WHO / World Bank report on disability thesis statement provides the best available scientific evidence to ensure the improvement of the health and well-being of people with disabilities in line with the Convention.
At present, the expression person with disability is the one that is considered most appropriate, both by international organizations and by organizations of persons with disabilities, to designate with respect and precision those who, due to a biological-behavioral peculiarity, suffer from exclusion and they are forced to overcome imposed obstacles and disadvantages created by society and to exercise their rights, lead a dignified life and achieve full integration into development.