Open thesis: the beginning of an argumentative text

According to the open thesis statement, thesis is the beginning of an argumentative text, an affirmation whose veracity it has been argued, demonstrated or justified in some way. Generally it states a scientific proposition, an axiom or a demonstrable fact.

Derived from the scientific method, a thesis is the concrete affirmation of an idea that is exposed in an open and substantiated way. It can also be called scientific theory, since a theoretical support can be considered part of established knowledge. Normally in an argumentative text the opinion that the writer has about the subject he is talking about is formed. After that the writer defends his thesis with arguments.

In ancient Greece, mainly in the context of medicine, it was an affirmation that the supporter stated. His ideas were submitted to an interrogation, a discussion or dialectical test to publicly support the possible objections that the examiners opposed him.

Open thesis definition is considered as the culminating statement of a hypothesis for which there may not even be any initial evidence and the facts that support it may be largely uncovered. A thesis is generally interpreted as an already demonstrable proposition whose objective is to make valid, in a sense effectively and pragmatically, the “essential” of the “complex of propositions.”

The steps taken to validate or invalidate a hypothesis, to provisionally establish it as a justified thesis, depend on the type of rules conducive to this (see scientific thesis).

Literally the thesis is the opinion, the point of view of the writer, and from it, the arguments are created and in conclusion the argumentative text, often represented in letters to the director.

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A thesis is an expository document, where the results obtained by the applicant in his research work are presented. The results must be conducted in a systematic, logical and objective, for the possible search for solutions to the problem of study raised. There are many and diverse definitions of what a thesis is, here are some mentioned.

According to Umberto Eco an open thesis example

… is a typed work of an average length that varies between one hundred and four hundred pages, in which the student deals with a problem concerning the studies in which he wants to get his Ph.D.

The academic Claudia Gómez Haro proposes this characterization:

“The thesis (closed thesis) is an academic genre that is characterized by the identification of a problem of knowledge that is solved through research and logical argumentation. In other words, the thesis is more than just a report of information and / or a set of opinions. The thesis is, in any case, a critical analysis of the information, in order to explain, in an objective, rigorous and documented manner, a specific phenomenon. In this sense, the thesis is an original work that is interpreted, innovates or generates knowledge. It is, then, a contribution to the corresponding discipline. “

Thesis in different fields

  • On many occasions the theses are controversial or controversial. An example of this is that of Luther in 1517 when he launched his 95 theses against indulgence.
  • In the company of antithesis and synthesis it forms the “triad” of Hegel’s dialectic.
  • A scientific form of a thesis is the hypothesis (from the ancient Greek ὑπό-hypo- “underneath», which is, supposition).
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Scientific thesis

A scientific closed thesis statement is subjected to a special system of rules. In order not to increase the acceptance of a thesis in the field of natural sciences, a thesis should:

  • Have a clear and definite conclusion.
  • Do not limit to any other accepted thesis.
  • Do not contain any logical contradiction.
  • Be proven with corroborable facts.
  • Not be an obvious opinion.
  • Highlight the importance of the method.

Doctoral thesis

Nowadays, the academic papers presented before a jury or evaluating jury with the intention of obtaining the title of doctor are called doctoral theses. As a written document, a doctoral thesis, supports ideas based on a theoretical framework in such a way that its author presents, in an organized manner, that innovative information that supports him to defend his claims.

The presentation and defense of the thesis is an element of support in the decision making of an examining court to determine the competence of those who claim to be part of the professional community of a discipline. In a large number of higher education institutions the student who has completed the degree is required to present a thesis that will show that he is ready to practice the profession. In this context, the recent graduate can submit a dissertation instead of the thesis.

How to write an open thesis: manuals and recommendations

Many universities have templates, manuals and recommended formats for the formal structure of a thesis, although unlike the scientific articles of many disciplines there is no single way to structure a thesis, however, it often consists of the following elements:

  1. Preliminaries
  • Cover, summary (frequently of a sheet, par reference and citation)
  • Acknowledgments and dedications
  • Content indexes, tables index, figures index, etc.
  • General introduction, where the purpose, the theme and the problem to be addressed are explained.
  1. Antecedents or state of the art, which includes a contextualization and a brief summary of the state of the matter, carried out by other authors (this part does not usually include results or disquisitions specific to the author, only explains what is advanced by other authors).
  2. Methodology used by the author
  • Data used, sources used, work methodology.
  • Description of the analysis and the techniques that will be used to analyze the data.
  • Explanation of the basic hypothesis or theoretical framework developed by the author.
  1. Results
  • Presentation of results (this part should include only the author’s own results, obtained by himself, those obtained by other authors are described basically in background).
  • Analysis of the results, what they mean, what is deduced from them.
  • Discussion of the results, what relevance or connection they have with other works, what they imply for the discipline.
  1. Conclusions and limitations, where the contributions of the author are explained, a brief summary of what the study allows to say, warnings about the interpretation of the results.
  2. Research limitations
  3. Bibliographic references
  4. Various appendices (what is an open thesis? what was used during working on thesis)
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