Gun control thesis statement: high levels of violence in the world
The data presented in this article demonstrate the persistence of high levels of violence in the news in the world. They also reflect that a large part of the violence occurs with weapons of fire; whether in homicides, personal injuries, suicides or accidents, firearms claim life and injure thousands of people each year in the country.
To counteract the violence associated with guns, multiple projects seeking to improve the control and availability of firearms have been put into practice.
There is a national regulatory framework for the control of firearms in the country, implemented since the early nineties, based on concessional access and restricted to weapons of fire by private parties and that allows only temporary restrictions on firearms permits in line with gun control thesis by decision of the national government.
Despite the existence of such normative framework and actions regarding the reduction of armed violence, and even considering the important advances of recent years, it is undoubtedly true that levels of violence by firearms are now intolerably high and that new initiative of Reduction of the same, and even a new regulatory framework, should be considered to reduce firearms violence in The world in a more rapid and homogeneous way.
Next, the different aspects related to the violence associated with the firearms, among which is an analysis of the impact they have caused in the country over the last three decades, with an emphasis on the situation in major cities from the country. A review of the current regulatory framework on which arms control is carried out in the country and a brief account of the arms control strategies carried out in the country open the way to an exposition of the challenges and debates on gun control, including obstacles that the regulatory framework imposes on the implementation of disarmament plans, on the which have shown positive impacts in the reduction of violence.
The recent dynamics of homicidal violence: gun control thesis
While homicides in the country have been significantly reduced since the middle of the ninety, in many cities its decline stagnated since mid-2005, and as of 2008 this violence has begun to rebound in the main cities of the country.
According to the thesis statement about gun control in the world there was a reduction of 2% in homicides in 2009 with respect to 2008.
Police authorities link the increase in homicides micro-trafficking of drugs, the territorial control that some gangs and gangs want to do in neighborhoods and communes and especially by the extortion to the transporters for the control of the outlets “.
With regard to blunt and blunt weapons (which are directly related to the interfamily violence, given that they are especially blows), the proportion among the total of female victims increases significantly with respect to homicides by firearms, which is related to a higher level of direct physical violence on women. The proportion of homicides by sharp weapons in women is 11% and by blunt weapons of 22%.
Thesis statement for gun control: Aspects that the arms control policies must overcome
In the world, the control of firearms by restricting transport permits and the voluntary surrender of weapons has been a widely used strategy to achieve the reduction of the levels of violence in the cities of the country; however, it faces the challenge of demonstrating that these measures have a real impact and that “good citizens are not disarmed». And people are left at the mercy of armed criminals for illegal weapons that are not affected by these controls “, as has been normally noted by the contractors of the gun control.
The debate in line with thesis for gun control on the effectiveness of gun control is open and requires special attention when considering the negative impact they generate. Study the effectiveness of the measures of Weapons control in the reduction of levels of violence is fundamental to design and implement measures that are effective to reduce violence, which has been transforming to question the capacity of current security policies to reduce, in a fast, violence and stop its transformation.
In this regard, although some studies have already shown statistically positive impacts of restrictions on the carrying of firearms in the reduction of homicide levels in the world cities, in conjunction with other initiatives (such as the restriction on the sale of alcohol and the closing of commercial establishments at dawn), it is worth going back over the debate, and update them by assessing restrictions and recent interventions. These studies have found a statistical dependence between restrictions and specific controls on weapons, and a reduction in homicides during weekends and other dates, such as the election periods. In other words, “there is evidence that temporary suspensions of permits to carry weapons, which were strictly applied on weekends, had positive effects”.
In addition to the effectiveness of weapons control, there is a point of debate in the country: the need for coordination and better normative articulation of local and national administration levels. As presented in the previous thesis statement for gun control section, world cities have a history of gun control for more than two decades. However, only until the end of2009 the national government presented its support to this type of strategies to reduce the violence, which implies that the control of weapons for the reduction of violence in cities was only considered as a local rather than a national strategy.
The normative framework of arms control, through the restriction of transport permits, presents an incompatibility: while the mayors are the first police authority of the municipality, and as such authority responsible for the public order situation of the cities19, in the issue of suspension of arms carrying permits, the mayor must request it to the authorities military, which are also of national order. The foregoing indicates that progress must be made in coordination between the competences of local and military authorities with respect to the control of weapons.
In effect, the regulatory framework is limited for the implementation of disarmament campaigns, given that the destruction of weapons (and, consequently, the collection activities of these) is subject to the voluntary previous “concept” of the military authorities, which can sometimes go against the needs of the weapons control programs in the cities.
Coordination between local and national levels is necessary, given the great spatial mobility of crime associated with firearms, which also involves the participation of control entities, non-governmental and governmental agencies, at the national, regional level and local. In fact, disarmament without national and local coordination opens an opportunity to use Illegal weapons by organized criminal actors.
The previous section about thesis on gun control showed the different efforts of national and international order to have a strong normativity and in accordance with the needs of traffic control and misuse of firearms in the world. However, most of these efforts end up being reagents, leaving the control of human rights in the hands of the world police and military authorities’ firearms, which includes the existence of arms trafficking to world both fragmented and large.
A look forward: the challenges and proposals In addition to the problems presented in the previous section about thesis statement on gun control, national and local authorities they should review the general weapons policy, so that they can have policies comprehensive and transversal. Additionally, substantive changes are required in the security policy of the country, allowing cultural modifications related to the change of idea that the weapons of fire does not provide security and that security must be provided by the State.
This implies that disarmament plans are developed that not only consider the restrictions on the carrying and delivery of weapons voluntarily, but cross-cutting and integral strategies, that take into account all the aspects related to violence, that overflow to social issues, such as the promotion of development, human rights, justice, education and health, among others. In this regard, weapons control strategies can be integrated into the education through the implementation of pedagogical campaigns in educational centers, with reinforcement of education in conflict resolution and respect for others. The campaigns of Disarmament are also health, considering violence by firearms as preventable.
On the other hand, arms control must advocate a change in the general policy of security in the country, accompanied by an improvement in security and cultural change. The main objective of the pedagogical component of the disarmament plans is to delegitimize the role of firearms as a protective tool. In response to this, what is seeks to replace the need for security that “by private means” provide the weapons of fire, to the “state provision of security as a public good”, which implies that the plans of disarmament must be sustained in an increase or improvement in this provision of security.
Finally, the commitment of the citizens is of vital importance. The accompaniment and support of citizens in the measures of the disarmament plan provide legitimacy and increase their impact. This implies that transparency must be an aspect important in the implementation of this type of plans, by guaranteeing the destination and ultimate goal of the arms delivered voluntarily, in addition to those confiscated and those delivered in pacts.