The research is a work designed for a long period, which consists of a published study to prove a thesis statement. It is also a kind of argumentative essay, often used in science, literature, and historical chronicles. Understanding the basics of writing research at the start of your academic career will help improve your writing style and research quality.
Part 1 Task / Subject of Research
Analyze the received task. If you do not understand something, immediately ask the professor about it.
- At a minimum, you need to know the following information: the length of the essay, the sources you need, a list of topics to choose from and the final date for submitting the project.
Select a topic. Do some superficial research on several topics that interest you, so that you know if it is possible to choose a material.
- University professors recommend starting to write research on the same day that you received the assignment. To complete the project you need at least a week. If the research, writing and editing work will take a month, most likely you will have a great project.
Narrow the subject of research (if possible). Even if you were asked to write 10-20 pages on a given topic, the quality of work will be better if you focus on a narrow, well-researched topic.
Decide on the libraries where you will explore the topic. If you need to ask for books on an interlibrary loan, do not postpone the matter indefinitely.
Part 2. Thesis statement
Formulate several thesis statements. You’ll have a list of potential thesis statements.
- If you have several options for starting an essay, you will be able to develop strong arguments. If it seems to you that your thesis is difficult to prove, or it makes a false assumption, you can start researching in a new direction.
Write a thesis statement. Select the hypothesis that you want to discuss. Write it down as a sentence to use as an introductory paragraph for your work.
- If you are tormented by doubts about the thesis, show it to your supervisor. The teacher will analyze the thesis statement and determine whether it corresponds to the task.
Part 3. Study
Collect stuff. Take notes on your computer or cards for notes.
- Be sure to include the author of the book / publication and publication information in your notes in order to print a list of sources at the very end of the research paper.
Make a written list of quotes that can be used in the study. It is best to collect more material at this stage, since you will need arguments from reliable sources to prove thesis statement.
Rate the sources used. Conduct a study of the author’s biography to confirm their reliability.
- For example, over time, the vector of research may change or the narrowing of the subject of scientific work. Make sure that the reasoning is sufficiently convincing and is confirmed by other scientists or researchers.
Part 4. Structuring
Make a plan. A plan is a document that is written on a computer or by hand, and is a list with non-digital highlighting of the elements that constitute a certain item of the plan
- Make a plan in the form of a list of questions for which you want to find the answer. Start with a thesis statement, and then break it down into its components, which will make up your argument. Write down the following questions: “Why is this study important?” And “Which studies support my thesis?” Then answer these questions in your research.
- You can write a plan of statements without using questions. Label the headings that are the subject of your research in each paragraph or part of your research. Add quotes and other new line entries under the research topic. You can begin to write a study right after you make a plan consisting of statements.
Continue the study to fill in the blanks in the plan. In the process of working on a plan, work on a bibliography.
Part 5. Sketches
Write down the first draft. In it, you should give answers to the questions posed and specify the initial outline.
- There is also an option to write an introductory paragraph at the beginning or at the end of the essay, after the arguments given. An entertaining, well-composed subject of study sets the tone for all scientific work.
Write a bibliography. Sometimes it is called a list of references or a list of citations.
- Consult with your professor what style of writing to use. Common citation styles are MLA, Chicago and APA. They use different methods for entering quotes and references.
Check for spelling errors. Remember that spelling is only the tip of the iceberg, and you need to pay particular attention to the grammar and content of the work.
Review your work for potential gaps in argumentation or design errors. It may be better to print the work and make notes with a pencil and pen.
- It is necessary to revise the essay for the presence of meaning and quotations to avoid plagiarism. You need to make sure that you quote sources correctly and convey other people’s thoughts correctly. A quote taken directly from the source should be written in quotes and be signed by the name of the author.
Review sketches for readability and reasoning. Print the draft and make notes again with a pencil and pen.
Review your assignment again to make sure that you strictly follow the instructions. Review the outline several times, and then begin writing the final version.
What you need:
- The task
- Computer / record cards
- Thesis statement
- Rough sketches